Nanjing

We arrived in Nanjing towards dusk but even in the setting sun, we could see that Nanjing was different from some of the other cities we had visited. There seemed to be a closer harmony between the city and its setting. Tree-lined boulevards were more the norm than the exception. Fancy stores and even fancier car dealerships attested to the city's wealth or at least to that of some of its luckier citizens. One of the first places we visited was the famous city walls. Nanjing was one of the earliest established cities in the southern China area.

Going to Vietnam the first time was life-changing for sure. Maybe because it was all so new and different to my life before and the world I grew up in. The food, culture, landscape, and smell; they’re all inseparable. It just seemed like another planet; a delicious one that sort of sucked me in and never let go.

Anthony Bourdain
SmartWool

Nanjing according to legend, Fu Chai, the Lord of the State of Wu, founded the first city, Yecheng in today's Nanjing area in 495 BC. Later in 473 BC, The State of Yue conquered Wu and constructed the city of Yuecheng on the outskirts of the present-day Zhonghua Gate. In 333 BC, after eliminating the State of Yue, the State of Chu built Jinling Yi in the northwestern part of the present-day Nanjing. Since then, the city has experienced numerous fires and reconstructions. Nanjing first became a capital in 229 AD when Sun Quan of the Wu Kingdom relocated his capital to Jianye during the Three Kingdoms Period.

During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the Nanjing area was known as Jiangning and served as the seat of government for the Liangjiang Viceroy. Nanjing was the capital of the Taiping Kingdom in the mid-19th century, being renamed as Tianjing (lit. Heaven's Capital). As Qing general Zeng Guofan retook the city in 1864, a massive slaughter occurred in the city with over 100,000 of its inhabitants fighting to the death or committing suicide. In 1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen led a successful democratic revolution to overthrow the Qing Dynasty and establish the Republic of China, making Nanjing it's capital. The capital was later moved to Beijing after Yuan Shi-kai took over the presidency.

Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
Nanjing
Klook Travel

Briefly in 1928, the Kuomintang (KMT) under Chiang Kai-Shek again established Nanjing as the capital of China (Republic of China) in opposition to the government in Beijing which was led by northern warlords. In 1937, in response to the Japanese invasion, a war of resistance grew around the country. Japan-focused an aerial bombardment on the city. When the invaders finally entered the city they conducted a brutal massacre dubbed the "Rape of Nanjing" and an estimated 300,000 men, women and children lay dead as the result in what can only be called an orgy of death. After World War II, the KMT relocated its central government to Nanjing. On April 23, 1949, The People's Liberation Army conquered Nanjing, officially ending the Republic of China's rule in the mainland. Nanjing has remained the provincial capital of Jiangsu.

Zhouzhuang Water Town

Zhouzhuang, one of the most famous water townships in China, is situated in Kunshan City which is only 18 miles (30 kilometers) southeast of Suzhou. It is noted for its profound cultural background, the well-preserved ancient residential houses, the elegant watery views and the strong local colored traditions and customs. During the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC), the smalle town was a part of the fief Yaocheng and called Zhenfengli.

Zhouzhuang Water Town
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